10 Important wars of the 20th Century

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wars of the 20th Century
Photographer- Nick UT | Vietnam war

War is a circumstance or a time of battling between nations or gatherings of individuals. War, for the most part, includes the utilization of weapons, a military association and fighters.

War is a circumstance wherein a country upholds its privileges by utilizing power. Few out of every odd equipped clash is a war. A battle between people, between packs, tranquillize cartels, and so on isn’t viewed as a war. In any case, most wars are called equipped clashes.

1. Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)

This war fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over adversary magnificent desire in Manchuria and Korea. The significant performance centres of tasks were the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden in Southern Manchuria and the oceans around Korea, Japan and the Yellow Sea.

The conflict arose from the rivalry of Russia and Japan for control of Manchuria and Korea. Russia was forced to surrender Korea, the Liaotung Peninsula and Sakhalin to Japan.

2. First World War (1914-1918)

The international conflict began between Austria and Serbia. The chief contestants were the Central Powers (Germany and Austria) and the Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia). Many other countries joined as the war began.

The naval blockade of Germany caused severe food shortages and helped to end the war. An Armistice was agreed in November 1918 and peace treaties were signed at Versailles (1919).

Because of new military advances and the revulsion of channel fighting, World War I saw extraordinary degrees of slaughter and pulverization.

The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I, was around 40 million.

There were 20 million deaths and 21 million wounded. The total number of deaths includes 9.7 million military personnel and about 10 million civilians. The Entente Powers (also known as the Allies) lost about 5.7 million soldiers while the Central Powers lost about 4 million.

3. Second World War (1939-1945)

International conflict arising from disputes provoked by the expansionist policies of Germany in Europe and Japan in the far East. The axis powers- Germany, Italy and (after September 1940) Japan-controlled most of Europe, much of Northern Africa, China and Asia.

The United States stayed out of the war until 7th December 1941, when Japan attacked Pearl Harbour. After this United States joined the allies in fighting not only Japan but the other axis powers as well. The war ended when the US dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan.

4. The Korean War (1950-1953)

The conflict between North Korea, supported by China and South Korea supported by UN forces dominated by the USA. Negotiations continued for two years before a truce was agreed in July 1953.

5. The Vietnam War (1954-1975)

The conflict between US backed Vietnam and the Vietnam Congress, who had the support of communist North Vietnam was overrun by Vietnamese forces, and the country was united under Communist rule.

6. The Iran-Iraq war (1980-1990)

War began shortly after the Iranian revolution of 1979. Iraq wanted control over oil-reach Iranian border territory. Iraq expressed readiness to negotiate peace after it lost ground. In 1988, Iran agreed to a ceasefire. Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990.

7. The Gulf War (1991)

Military action by a US led coalition to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait. Kuwait was liberated (26th February, 1991) and a ceasefire was declared 28th February.

8. The Bosnian War (1992-1998)

Ethnically rooted war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a republic of Yugoslavia with a multiethnic population-Muslims, Serbs and Croats. The Dayton Peace Agreement was in 1995. Bosnia Herzegovina became a single state.

9. The US-Afghan War (2001)

Military action by US against Afghanistan in protest against the 11th September, attack on World Trade Centre Towers. US claimed that Afghanistan was breeding ground of terrorists, and had given refuge to Osama Bin Laden.

10. The Second Gulf War (2003)

Military action by a US led coalition to remove Saddam Hussain from power in Iraq. It was conducted on the pretext of Iraq possessing Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD).

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