7 breakthrough facts of Ancient Egypt


Know the ancient Egypt civilization, how it grew up along the Nile river, in Northeastern Africa and belief of ancient Egyptians from 3150 BC. In Ancient Egypt under the rule of kings known as pharaohs, the Egyptians made great strides in building, art and science.

1. The Pharaoh in Egyptian Society

During the third and fourth traditions of the Old Kingdom, Ancient Egypt appreciated colossal financial success and strength. Rulers held an extraordinary situation in Egyptian culture. Someplace in the middle of human and awesome, they were accepted to have been picked by the divine beings themselves to fill in as their go-betweens on earth. In other words Ancient Egypt, it was to everybody’s greatest advantage to keep the lord’s highness flawless much after his passing, when he was accepted to become Osiris, divine force of the dead. The new pharaoh, thusly, became Horus, the hawk god who filled in as defender of the sun god, Ra.

2. Why were the Pyramids built in Ancient Egypt?

Ancient Egypt facts
Pyramid of Khafre: Pharaoh Khafre’s pyramid was completed in about 2530 BC in Giza, near Cairo

The pyramids are huge tombs for pharaohs and nobility. The Egyptians believed that dead people’s spirits could live on after death if their bodies were carefully preserved. It was especially important to preserve. It was especially important to preserve the bodies of dead pharaohs as their spirits would help the kingdom of Egypt to survive. So they made dead bodies into mummies and buried them in these splendid tombs along with clothes and jewels.

3. How old are The Pyramids?

The first pyramid was built between 2630 and 2611 BC. It had stepped sides and was built for King Djoser. Before then, pharaohs were buried in flat-topped mounds called mastabas. The last pyramid in Egypt itself was about 1530 BC.

4. How was a Pyramid built?

By man-power! In Ancient Egypt, thousands of labourers worked in the hot sun to clear the site, lay the foundations, drag building stone from the quarry, and lift it into place. Most of the labourers were ordinary farmers, who worked as builders to pay their dues to the pharaoh. Besides, expert craftsmen cut the stone into blocks and fitted them together.

5. Why did Egyptians treasure Scarabs?

Scarabs (beetles) collect animal dung and roll it into little balls. To the Ancient Egyptians, these dung balls looked like the life-giving Sun, so they hoped that scarabs would bring them long life.

6. How were corpses Mummified?

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Mummy: After embalming, a body was wrapped in a sheet and placed in a coffin to keep it safe. Source: Medicinenet

The techniques for preserving, or treating the dead body, that the antiquated Egyptians utilized is called preservation. Utilizing uncommon procedures, the Egyptians expelled all dampness from the body, leaving just a dried structure that would not effectively rot. Similarly, it was significant in their religion to save the dead body in as life-like a way as could be expected under the circumstances. So fruitful were they that today we can see the embalmed body of an Egyptian and have a smart thought of what the person in question resembled throughout everyday life, 3000 years back.

Making a Mummy was a complicated and expensive process. First, most of the soft internal organs removed, then the body packed in chemicals and left to dry out. Finally, it wrapped in resin-soaked linen bandages and placed in a beautifully decorated coffin.

7. Why was the Nile River so important in Ancient Egypt?

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Felucca: Wooden boats called Feluccas have sailed on the Nile for Millennia. Source: Lonely Planet

Because Ancient Egypt got hardly any rain. But every year the Nile flooded the fields along its banks, bringing fresh water and rich black silt, which helped crops grow. For instance, Farmers dug irrigation channels to carry water to distant fields. All of Ancient Egypt’s great cities lay on the river, which was also a vital thoroughfare boat carrying people and goods.

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